Vince Endter's '76 Turbo RG
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I had a chance to visit Vince Endter in his hanger in
the San Francisco Bay area and take a few
pictures of his well cared-for Cardinal RG.
Vince himself is an A&P and a very involved owner, fond of
accurate facts and data, and has a good sense of
humor. I hope he still does after he sees this
Actualy this started out as a picture of the lead
sheet that Vince uses to do performance testing at
different CGs. He says that a rearward CG is good for
up to 4 knots, so when he's light on load he might
just toss in a couple sheets of this lead to get
that extra bit of true airspeed.
Let's start inside the airplane, with one of the
first things most of us take a look at: the panel.
As you can see, Vince is partial to King Silver Crown,
as are most people who can manage to get their hands
on some. He also has a few extra toys that we'll take a
closer look at below.
The first thing that caught my eye was the tach, an
electronic thing that provides rather more features
than that standard tachometer.
The second unusual item is the egt, a multi-gauge
analog system that must provide excelent comparison
and a fast read of the temps.
Looking elsewhere in the interior, we see a nice set of seats with
an excellent upholstry job.
I admired the headrests and learned
that they were built up from a loop of stainless steel tubing and
a piece of fiberboard. The upholsterer added padding and a cover and
the result is this nice looking headrest.
The seat belts are BAS seatbelts, check out this
page for details on that system.
Vince also clued us in to the high-tech custom shoulder harness
covers that had come from the local discount auto parts store.
I've seen this approach on several Cardinals.. it really helps the
comfort of the shoulder harnesses.
Looking overhead, the sun is controlled by visors installed on non-
moving solid rods installed where the old visors tubes used to be
inserted. Vince says these were far less expensive that the Rosen
visors, and did not require the extensive mounting work either.
Check out this page for more on
the Rosen system to see what he means.
Perhaps most interesting is that for a turbocharged airplane, the
panel had almost no additional gadgets or accessories related to
operation of the engine. The only special items were the EGT and
a vernier throttle with an easily adjustable lock. Vince explained
that a high altitude a little throttle movement can mean a big
change in manifold pressure.
Vince did have some interesting periphial equipment mounted in and
on his console. The pictures below show his intercom system, installed
in the area where the courtesy light used to live.
The console also contained a panel in place of the ash tray which
contains an avionics master and navigation switches. This panel
had a couple of interesting things on it.
First was a circuit breaker labeled 'Avionics Master Bypass". This
breaker is hooked in parallel across the avionics switch, so that if
the switch stops working you have an alternative path, but that path
is still protected from short circuits. Pretty clever.
We'll have to get Vince to fill us in on the two small audio-type
jacks, they look like 1/8 inch phono plugs. Audio in or out? Place
your bets here and we'll find out what they are.
The switch below the panel is labeled 'Pulselight', a good accessory
for the busy San Francisco bay area.
Moving outside the airplane, one is initially struck with the large
number of hoses and extra parts on the Turbocharged engine. I will
not go into detail about that installation, but if you are interested
you can see pictures of Vince's
turbo or take a virtual tour
through his system, the same pictures with explainations of what
you are looking at.
I noticed an interesting approach to the
connection of the baffle seal the the cowling baffle. Vince used a large
number of .41 safety wire twists to hold the seal on. This is similar,
better really, than the staples that Cessna used to hold it on origionally.
I was interested in seeing Vince's windshield installation, since he had
just explained to the digest how he had to increase the width of the
joggle. When asked, he explained that the joggle was a small strip of
metal along the top of the windshield that holds the Plexiglass from
pushing back along the top.
These bolts show where he removed and reinstalled that strip of metal.
Vince says the windshield reduced the wind noise substantially and gives
him some additional piece of mind during the bird migration season.
Finally, Vince showed us a modification to his aircraft that has been a
source of discussion on several occasions.
Most of us have problems with our manifold pressure indicator
being slow to respond to changes in throttle. This makes power
Those who have looked into this say the cause is fuel and oil in
the MP pressure line. I've heard various theories about how the
liquid gets into the usual capillary tube, and I can't really
accept any of them, but somehow the oil does end up in this line.
You can blow the line out every few weeks or replace that capillary
tube with a new one from Cessna, which Vince has and can be seen in
The new line is about 1/4 OD and is solid, mounted to clamps on
the engine baffle. The loop near the bottom is called the drip
loop, and it has a small hole in it's bottom. Vince is holding
a .040 drill in the drain hole to show where it is.
Vince says this has resolved his manifold 'laziness' and has
no other effect on his turbocharged engine.
Vince also has a few speed mods, including an exhaust stack
fairing (see more at this
page and a tailcone modification.
But perhaps most unique is his installation of Rob Sobchuk's
new wingtips. You can read the data Vince gathered from the
installation of these tips on this page.
What doesn't show on that page, however, is the row of tennis balls
that Vince uses to back his airplane careful into the hanger. It's
almost an ILS, or Rabbits at least!
And that's where I will end this tour of Vince's airplane.
I noticed a number of other items, from the built up door seal
to the careful curve of the new injector lines, but those items
will fit nicely in the maintenance section of this web page.
Thanks for Vince for the tour. Please let me know if this is
of interest and use, we can do a lot more of this if it helps
to see what's unique about some of these airplanes.
Whether interested or bored, please send your opinion and
any ideas you may have for this section to the Webmaster.
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